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1. Asimo: Asimo is a humanoid robot created by Honda. Standing at 130 centimeters (4 feet 3 inches) and weighing 54 Kilograms (114 pounds), the robots resembles a small astronaut wearing a backpack and can walk or run on two feet at speed varying up to 6 Km/h (4.3 mph), matching EMIEW, ASIMO was created at Honda’s Research and Development Wako Fundamental Technical Research Center in Japan. It is the current model in a line of eleven that (genan) in 1986 with EO.
Officially the name is an acronym for “Advanced Step in Innovation Mobility” Honda’s officials claim that robot’s name is not a reference to science fiction writer and inventor of Three Laws of Robotics, Issac Asimov. (Source: Wikipedia)
2.Kismet: Kismet is a robot which was made in the later 1990s at Massachusetts Institute of Technology with auditory, visual and expressive system intended to participate in human social interaction and to demonstrate simulated human emotion and appearance. The name Kismet comes from the Arabic Turkish, Urdu, Hindu and Punjabi word meaning “fate” or something “luck”.
In order to interact properly with human being. Kismet contains input devices that give it auditory, visual, and perception abilities. Kismet simulates emotions through various facial expressions, vocalization, and movements. Facial expressions are created through movements of the ears, eyebrows, eyelids, lips, and head. The cost of physical materials is estimated US$25,000.
3. iCub: The iCub is a small-size humanoid robot being designed by the RobotCup Consortium, consisting of several European universities. The main goal of this platform is to study cognition through the implementation of biological motivated algorithms. This is an open project in many different ways: it will distribute its platform openly and it will develop open-source software.
4. Actroid: An Acroid is a humanoid robot with strong visual human-likeness developed by Osaka University and manufactured by Kokoro Company Ltd. (the animatronics division of Sanrio). It was first unveiled at the 2003 International Robot Exposition in Tokyo, Japan. Several different versions of the product have been produced since then. In most cases, the robot’s appearance has been modeled like an average young woman of Japanese descent.
The Actroid woman is a pioneer example of real machine similar to imagined machine in the science fiction termed as android or gynoid, which was so far used only for fictional robots. It can mimic lifelike functions such as blinking, speaking and breathing. The “Replies” models are interactive robots with the ability to recognize and process speech and respond in turn.